CBD, or ‘cannabidiol’ (canna-bi-diol) is one of over 480 naturally occurring compounds found in the flowers of cannabis, a plant with six thousand years of documented medicinal use. CBD is currently one of the best understood cannabinoids derived from cannabis, only second to THC (‘tetrahydrocannabinol’), but unlike THC, CBD will not get you high. Today there are thousands of studies and clinical research publications on the topic of CBD covering health issues such as anxiety, cognition, movement disorders, inflammatory disease, and pain to name a few.
Is CBD legal?
According to the 2018 Farm Bill, CBD derived from lawful hemp such as plant varieties with low THC levels (no more than 0.3 percent) and grown in accordance with a lawful hemp program, are legal; Furthermore, CBD derived from hemp is legal to be transported, used, and sold across interstate and national borders. You must be at least 18 years old to purchase.
THC, or ‘tetrahydrocannabinol’ (tetra-hydro-canna-bi-nol) is the most well known cannabinoid derived from cannabis, known as the ‘primary psychoactive component’. In 1985, pharmaceutical makers received approval to start developing THC preparations for therapeutic use which reintroduced cannabinoids to healthcare providers and their patients. Today the most common conditions for which THC and medical cannabis is used are pain, spasticity associated with multiple sclerosis, nausea, posttraumatic stress disorder, cancer, epilepsy, cachexia, glaucoma, HIV/AIDS, and degenerative neurological condition. THC is not legal in every U.S. state and territory, but you can find out if it’s legal where you live right here.
CBD is non-intoxicating, so it will not get you high; furthermore, research evidence shows us that CBD has a calming effect and the feeling is better described as relaxing.
Scientists have been studying the effects of CBD since the 1970’s and within the past 2 decades have produced reports that CBD is a promising therapy for a number of health conditions, has a good safety profile, appears not to be at risk for abuse or dependence and is well tolerated. If you are taking other medications it is advised to monitor your CBD dosage with your doctor.
Like grapefruits, CBD can occupy enzymes (cytochrome p450) that your liver uses to process certain pharmaceutical drugs. Taking CBD in tandem with these pharmaceuticals may risk either increasing or decreasing levels of these pharmaceuticals in your bloodstream. If you are currently taking prescription medications especially those that warn against taking with grapefruit it is suggested that you talk with your doctor before bringing CBD into your daily supplements.
The prohibition of cannabis has made it extremely difficult to hold the clinical trials necessary to answer this question fully about CBD, but with the recent passage of the 2018 Farm BIll and now that CBD is federally legal, the road to discovering the full potential of CBD has been paved. Currently, the potential known side effects of CBD are known to be dry mouth, drowsiness, and possible unintended interactions with other medication – thus causing side effects from the prescription medication.
CBD is more of a modulator for appetite management rather than suppressing or increasing one’s appetite – that said – CBD is mearley assisting the body in seeking balance across all of our vital systems, appetite included, so CBD will stimulate, or suppress depending on the needs of the whole of the body.
With a plethora of product options available in the CBD industry here’s what we look for when procuring products for our shop.
- The product is made with CBD that has been sourced from U.S. hemp that was grown with organic practices with a full panel 3rd party test provided.
- All ingredients are safe and/or organically sourced.
- Extraction process is safe and does not use toxic chemicals; we primarily look for products extracted with organic food grade alcohol, critical CO2, spagyric extraction, heat pressed, or oil emulsification extraction (MCT or Olive oil).
- 3rd party testing available for the finished product.
When choosing a CBD product we recommend products that have been 3rd party lab tested. 3rd Party lab testing provides the important information shoppers need to be aware of before purchasing, this information provides potency (how much CBD is actually in the product), purity (ensuring no residual solvent from the extraction process), and pesticides and mold count (make sure none are present in the finished product). A 2017 study found that nearly 70% of CBD products sold did not contain the amount of CBD advertised on the package and were not tested by a 3rd party lab to ensure consumer safety, so when choosing a CBD product make sure it has been 3rd party lab tested.
Whole flower extracts and CBD isolates make up the majority of products in the cannabis and hemp industries, so what’s the difference between the two?
For starters, if an extract is whole-flower, this means it contains all of the phytochemicals naturally found in the cannabis/hemp flower, including CBD and other cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids and essential oils. The purpose of extracting the whole flower is for the enhanced bioavailability achieved from the entourage effect of the whole plant working together. Lawful whole flower extracts from hemp still contain trace amounts of THC but no more than .3%. If your occupation prohibits you from having THC in your system, we recommend choosing a broad spectrum product since the THC is removed while keeping intact the rest of the phytochemicals.
Secondly, let’s go over CBD isolate. Isolate is the purest form of CBD and is made by removing CBD from all the other phytochemicals. The advantage of using CBD isolate is that it’s the highest concentration of CBD per serving, lower prices, and you can benefit from the effects of CBD alone; however there’s no entourage effect.
The entourage effect refers to the synergy achieved by all the phytochemicals naturally derived from cannabis/hemp including CBD and other cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids and essential oils. These chemicals working together enhance the potential benefits of the plant. Each phytochemical can amplify the therapeutic properties of the others while mitigating potential unwanted side effects.